About Methadone Maintenance Treatment
For more than 50 years, methadone maintenance treatment has been proved time and time again as the most effective treatment for individuals afflicted with addiction or dependency to opiates. Its safety and effectiveness are documented by countless research studies around the world, including through BAART’s own research studies and outcomes.
“Methadone maintenance has been demonstrated repeatedly to be safe and effective when used with appropriate safeguards and psycho-social services. Methadone maintenance treatment typically leads to reduction or cessation of illicit opioid use and its adverse consequences, including cellulitis, hepatitis, and HIV infection from use of non-sterile injection equipment, as well as criminal behavior associated with obtaining drugs. Methadone pharmacotherapy has been shown to lead to improved overall adjustment, including reduction in psychiatric symptoms, unemployment, and family or social problems.”
How does methadone maintenance treatment work?
Methadone is a medication that can be used to treat opiate addiction and also to relieve pain. It is not, however, used to treat other non-opioid drug addictions to substances such as alcohol, marijuana or cocaine. Methadone blocks the receptors in the brain that are affected by opioids, such as:
- Codeine – generic only
- Oxycodone – OxyContin / Oxecta / Roxicodone*
- Oxycodone & Acetaminophen – Percocet / Endocet / Roxicet
- Oxycodone & Aspirin – Percodan
- Hydrocodone – Hysingla ER / Zohydro ER
- Hydrocodone & Acetaminophen – Norco / Vicodin / Lorcet / Lortab
- Fentanyl – Actiq / Duragesic / Fentora
- Hydromorphone – Dilaudid / Exalgo
- Meperidine – Demerol
- Morphine – Astramorph / Avinza / Kadian
*Generic Name – Brand Names
Methadone maintenance treatment reduces or eliminates the drug cravings and harsh withdrawal symptoms that are often triggers for a patient’s relapse, without creating the sense of euphoria associated with the abuse of opiates. Methadone’s effects last between 24 and 36 hours, and therefore most patients benefit from a single daily dose.
Methadone success rates are much higher for those who participate in a longer term methadone maintenance program, rather than short term detoxes. The changes in brain chemistry take longer than a 21 or 180 day detox program to correct, and relapse after detox is common.
Please visit our Frequently Asked Questions page to learn more about Methadone and if it is right for you.